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“I write to respectfully request the Department of Labor reconsider several of the recent changes it made to Special Procedures for the H-2A Program. Although there are some positive changes, which are well intentioned, there are several that will have serious adverse impacts on H-2A employers. Specifically, I am concerned that the Department of Labor continues to make these changes with little or no input from stakeholders and offers little clarification as to how the guidance will be enforced,” says Wyoming Senator Mike Enzi in a Nov. 14 letter to U.S. Secretary of Labor Hilda L. Solis.
    Enzi was speaking of H-2A, the program that allows foreign workers to come to the United States as ag workers. It’s the H-2A program that brings most of Wyoming’s sheepherders to the state, and recently the U.S. Department of Labor made changes and started enforcing them without public notice before or during the process.
    “The biggest problem is that the Department of Labor issued new regulations regarding H-2A workers and didn’t take them out for public comment, they just issued them,” says Wyoming Wool Growers Executive Vice President Bryce Reece. “Then they went out and immediately started applying fines to people based on the new regulations on which they never took comment.”
    “The guidance issued deviates significantly from past interpretations of employment guidelines, was written devoid of stakeholder input and causes several significant challenges for the employers in the open range livestock industry,” writes Enzi.
    In addition, Reece says the agency is issuing violations and fines without consistency.
    “There may be two producers doing the same thing, and one gets a $15,000 or $20,000 fine, and the other gets nothing, so we’ve got this inconsistency and our folks are in an uproar because they don’t know what they’re supposed to do,” says Reece.
    In addition, some time ago there were special procedures in H-2A that were issued for sheepherders because of the nature of their work.
    “The Department of Labor is flat ignoring the special procedures,” says Reece. “They’re doing whatever they want, and they’re certainly not following what we’ve been operating by for 20 years.”
    One of the rule changes has to do with water supply for sheepherders out on the range.
    “Some of the herders choose in the wintertime to melt snow rather than pack water around and keep it from freezing,” says Reece. “It’s easier to get a scoop of snow in their pot, but the Department of Labor said that because nobody regulates snow water, and there are no standards, then that’s a violation.”
    Another change to the rules has to do with housing two men in one sheep camp.
    “Most of the camps have a trundle bed that pulls out, so there are two beds, but they said that’s not good enough, so producers have been fined for that,” explains Reece. “A lot of those guys want to stay in the same camp, and this is one of the rules where the agency was inconsistent – one producer got nailed, while another who had the same setup wasn’t even mentioned.”
    Of the housing concern, Enzi writes, “Although several of the changes create significant challenges, those concerning sleeping units and variances are creating one of the most alarming negative impacts on livestock producers. Guidelines concerning the use of mobile housing for open range occupations have remained unchanged for 22 years. A separate sleeping unit has been understood to be a bedroll/sleeping bag, bed, cot or bunk. However, the latest TEGL (Training and Employment Guidance letters) references the term ‘housed’ in regard to sleeping unit and adds a three-day consecutive limitation for employees sharing a mobile housing unit on the range, such as a sheepwagon. This seems to imply that a separate sleeping unit is to include a separate ‘housing unit.’ Not only is the guideline inconsistent with previous standards, but when interpreted strictly proves impractical for many employers. The resources necessary to move and secure multiple housing units in remote areas of range would not only hinder herding operations, but could also prove to be dangerous in adverse weather conditions or during the shorter hours of daylight associated with the winter months.”
    As another example, Reece says the Department of Labor has decided stationary housing, like at lambing time, has to be 500 feet from a livestock holding facility.
    “Most sheep producers park the sheep camps next to the lambing barn so the workers don’t have to walk back and forth through the dark or the snow and cold,” says Reece. “In one case, the producer’s house is within that 500 feet. All these producers are trying to do is to make it as accommodating as possible for their workers, and a lot of times they’ll put a sheep camp inside, if the lambing barn’s big enough, so they’re right there.”
    Testifying for worker conditions, WWGA past president Gene Hardy says, “The people who use sheepherders treat them very well and try to keep them comfortable, satisfied and fed and sheltered.”
    Of what else might be regulated, Reece says, “We really don’t know what else is out there, because they’re making it up as we go along. They show up for a random inspection and say we can’t do that.”
    Regarding Enzi’s letter, Reece says, “The intent is to take those special procedures and codify them so the Department of Labor can’t just choose not to follow them. He’s trying to get some certainty for us so we know what the rules are and so we can follow them.”
    Reece says that WWGA and other industry organizations are talking to attorneys, though they’re hopeful they can get the Department of Labor to pull the rules back and go through the public process correctly.
    “If they don’t do that, we either have to have help from Congress or we’ll have to sue them in court. Obviously, for some groups court is their first option, but it’s always our last option,” says Reece.
    In the meanwhile, the producer fines have been put on hold until they go through the appeal process at the Department of Labor, and Senator Enzi awaits a response to his letter.
    Christy Martinez is managing editor of the Wyoming Livestock Roundup and can be reached at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

Laramie – Wyoming Game and Fish Department (WGFD) Wildlife Disease Specialist Hank Edwards continues to work toward increasing the available data on what has caused the tremendous decline in Bighorn sheep populations over the last two decades.

“These projects have been going on for a long time,” Edwards says. “We have a couple of herds of Bighorn Sheep that just aren’t doing well, and they haven’t done well for 20 years or more.”

“We are undertaking efforts to figure out why and to figure out what is really going on,” he continues.

Research goals

While domestic sheep can have some impact on the Bighorn sheep populations across the West by spreading a fatal strain of Pasteurella haemolytica, Edwards adds that several of the herds that see suffering populations have no exposure to domestic sheep.

In Wyoming, WGFD has studied seven different populations of Bighorn sheep, from the areas surrounding Jackson, Cody, Dubois, Sybille Canyon and in the Black Hills around Newcastle.

“We’ve been working on these projects for the last couple years, and a part of that is to try and map the presence of pathogens across the state to see which herds they are in and how those herds are performing,” Edwards explains.

He notes that the study will require at least one more year before data can be released and before he feels that they will have a handle on the presence of pathogens in Bighorn sheep across the state.

“We’ve also increased our sensitivity in the lab by improving lab techniques, so we are finding things now that we weren’t able to find two or three years ago,” he comments. 

Edwards marks the projects as WGFD’s largest Bighorn sheep research effort, but he also notes that they have captured some Bighorn sheep from the Cody area for further research at the Sybille Canyon.

Sybille research

Edwards says WGFD research will isolate sheep at the Sybille Canyon research facility.

“Each ewe is put into an individual pen, and we will allow her to lamb,” he explains. “Then, we see how long that lamb survives. If it doesn’t survive, we want to know which pathogen killed the lamb.”

In free-ranging Bighorn sheep, lamb groups socialize and play together, which can spread pathogens between animals. 

“If we have one ewe that is shedding harmful or deadly pathogens, she transmits them to her lamb,” Edwards continues. “We are trying to prevent mass deaths by separating the sheep to see which pathogens are responsible.” 

By comparing pathogens hosted on surviving lambs to those on deceased lambs, Edwards notes that the culprit pathogens can be identified.

“We want to know which pathogens the mother is carrying, if they are pathogenic or if there is another reason causing the death of lambs,” he says.

Lamb survival

Currently, in some herds across the state, lamb survival is nearly zero percent, which is problematic.

“We want to mix ‘dirty’ sheep, or those animals with very poor lamb survival, with those sheep carrying the same basic pathogens that do have very good survival rates,” says Edwards. “Can we mix those two populations together? What happens if we do? These are all questions that we want to answer.”

A multitude of possibilities exists, including loss of lambs, loss of adults or the possibility of shared resistance.

“It would be great if we can boost the survival rates by mixing populations,” Edwards says, “but that study won’t be complete for several years. We have a lot of work to do before we are ready to handle that many sheep.”

Mingling studies

Intermingling “dirty” sheep with clean populations can also help researchers to determine if those infected animals could be used to supplement the dwindling populations.

“We are asking if we can use some of our ‘dirty’ herds to augment those herds of sheep that aren’t doing well,” explains Edwards. “We know that if we bring in clean sheep and mix them with dirty sheep, they die. We are hoping, however, that is it possible to bolster some of those populations.”

“We don’t know if that is possible or not,” he adds.

Physical symptoms

At the same time they are identifying which sheep are shedding bacteria resulting in lamb death, Edwards notes that they are looking for physical symptoms in those animals.

“If we can identify those ewes that are shedding large amounts of bacteria so we can remove them from the herds, we can hope to build the overall health of the herd,” he says. “We will be looking for the signs and symptoms that we can see to identify those animals.”

Identifying symptoms – such as a cough or runny nose – in ewes may allow their removal and increase herd survival rates in the longer term.

Agriculture implications

With domestic sheep being implicated for Bighorn sheep deaths, Edwards says, “Domestic sheep can transfer Pasteurella haemolytica to Bighorn sheep, which is very pathogenic to the Bighorn sheep.”

However, he further explains that Bighorn sheep populations also live with a form of the P. haemolytica bacteria.

“Another part of our research is to find out why the strain from domestic sheep is so pathogenic and so more detrimental to Bighorn sheep herds,” Edwards adds.

At the end of the project, he notes that they hope to identify pathogens and identify those sheep shedding the pathogens to improve the survival rates of Bighorn sheep in the wild. 

“We are attempting to answer the question, what is going on?” he says. “This is a lot more complex than we thought. There are a multitude of factors that interact, and sorting them out isn’t easy.”

Saige Albert is managing editor of the Wyoming Livestock Roundup and can be reached at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

Gillette – “We don’t have many opportunities to get together solely for the sheep industry,” said UW Extension Educator Whit Stewart. “This is one of those opportunities where you can gather some good information.”

At the Northeast Wyoming Sheep Symposium, producers from Wyoming, Colorado and Montana gathered in Gillette on Oct. 20 to hear about developments in sheep production and ask questions of industry experts.

The event drew more than 50 producers from ages eight to 91. The wide audience was polled on their operation size and scope, as well as a number of other aspects of their operation to address the individual needs of producers at the event.

Stewart offered that producers could boost production and meet the nutritional demands of their flocks with relatively little input by using forage kochia.

“Forage kochia is highly adaptable to all ranges of soils and heat tolerant,” said Stewart. “Producers can also graze forage kochia really hard, and the plant does well. It is also long-lived and is a really great protein source.”

Stewart added, “As far as ewe maintenance is concerned, forage kochia easily meets ewe maintenance needs – grass won’t do that. It still meets requirements for early ewe gestation, and from a crude protein standpoint, it is achievable to meet the needs of a weaned lamb.”

According to their analysis of the dry matter, forage kochia had around 16 percent crude protein and provides high yields later in the season. The quality of total digestible nutrients also exceeds the levels available in unimproved pastures.

“I’m not encouraging producers to go out and till up native pastures,” clarified Stewart. “I am encouraging targeting those areas that are getting marginal or low production right now.”

Forage kochia, a native plant of central Eurasia, is used as the primary food source for ruminant animals and is palatable to both cattle and sheep, according to Stewart. It also offers the potential to provide an effective grazing source through later months in Wyoming.

Christopher Schauer, North Dakota State University’s Hettinger Research Extension Center Director, also looked at supplementing ewe diets through the winter months, encouraging producers to look at ewe body condition scoring and the stage of pregnancy, the quality and quantity of forage, available supplements as well as mineral and water.

When considering ewe body condition scores (BCS), a score of three, or average, is indicated by a smooth, rounded spinous process, as well as a loin eye muscle that is full, with some fat cover, should be the target BCS for ewes throughout breeding through late lactation.

To maintain those levels, Schauer emphasized the need to provide supplements because available forage usually lacks the necessary nutritional value.
“We need to provide energy in the form of total digestible nutrients (TDN) that the animals can use,” explained Schauer. “It is likely sheep will be energy deficient, and we will probably have to provide supplements to meet their needs.”    

Schauer emphasized the need to target high protein sources with a high percentage of TDN to be most effective, citing commercial cakes, distillers grains and soybean meal as good sources of protein.

Regardless of the choice of supplement, Schauer said it is important to make sure sheep are consuming the provided product. This rule applies to mineral as well.

“There are some really good products out there,” said Schauer. “It is important to make sure they are eating what producers provide and that producers are following the labels.”

Schauer also noted that an online program useful for balancing feed rations, designed by Montana State University and available at msusheepration.montana.edu, can provide information about the amount of supplement necessary to meet the needs of ewes, depending on weather conditions.

Aside from providing appropriate nutrition for sheep, Wyoming State Veterinarian Jim Logan emphasized the importance of breeding soundness exams to also ensure a flock is functioning at its highest level.

“The ram will produce at least 75 percent of the genetic improvement in a flock,” explained Logan. “That is a good reason for why it is highly important to know the animal you have purchased can actually do the job.”

“Poor breeding is the risk of an unevaluated ram,” said Logan. “Every aspect of a ram has to be looked at.”

Beyond visually analyzing rams, it is also important to look at semen tests and the ELISA test.

“If a ram has b. ovis, eventually he will cause problems. While ewes may clear the disease, they also may abort or infertility may result,” explained Logan. “Basically, the picture is pretty obvious – you don’t want this disease in your flock.”

Breeding soundness exams are not only important for rams, but are essential in the ewes of a flock.

“If you have aged ewes, keeping good records is essential,” said Logan, citing reproductive history as being of high importance.

Evidence of prolapse, discharge, udder and teat condition as well as condition of the teeth, eyes and feet should also be considered.

Logan also emphasized that record keeping is critical to decision making about which animals to keep in a flock.

In breeding selections, former UW Sheep Specialist Leroy Johnson looked at using wool quality as a selection criterion.

“If you look at wool production, clean fleece weight is a function of body size, diameter, length and density,” said Johnson.

Johnson further explained that each of the characteristics can be individually selected for, but all are correlated.

“If you decide to select for increased body size, the average fiber diameter is going to get courser,” explained Johnson, who also commented that some wool traits, such as body size and length, are easier to determine than others.

Johnson also echoed Logan’s emphasis in the necessity of accurate recordkeeping to make decisions in individual operations. He added that sheep production is the combination of art and science, noting that basic research takes someone with skill to make it work.

“Trust your experience,” commented Johnson. “You are the person – the art – in sheep production.”

Bridger Feuz, UW Livestock Marketing Specialist, concluded presentations at the symposium with a look at lamb and wool markets.

“There are mixed messages for the lamb outlook, and there is a lot of volatility in the economy,” said Feuz.

Feuz commented that a high unemployment rate and the increasing cost of meat provides additional uncertainty from the demand end of the market.

“Consumption is a function of supply, and consumers are eating what product is available,” noted Feuz. “Even though people are consuming less per capita, they are willing to pay more for what they are eating.”

From the supply aspect of markets, Feuz said less lamb and mutton is available, and the ewe inventory continues to decline.

“However, the outlook fundamentals would indicate price levels next fall at as good or slightly better than 2011,” said Feuz. “We have to see this continued economic recovery and look at input prices, but in general, in this supply-demand situation, we are going to have a strong markup for the next few years.”

As speakers offered final comments, Larry Prager of Center of the Nation Wool said, “There are some very positive things here. In the last 30 years, I have never seen more money put in the bank with lambs, or with wool, as this year. We’re part of an industry that is at a very good point.”

Saige Albert is editor of the Wyoming Livestock Roundup and can be reached at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..


Casper – “By President Woodrow Wilson’s Executive Order, we were established for sheep genetics purposes,” stated U.S. Sheep Experiment Station Director Bret Taylor.

Taylor spoke in Casper on Aug. 4 at the Wyoming Wool Growers Association mid-year meeting, bringing Wyoming sheep producers up-to-date on current research at the station.

“The U.S. Sheep Experiment Station falls under two programs under USDA’s Agriculture Research Service (ARS) – Food Animal Production and Pasture, Forage and Rangeland Systems,” Taylor elaborated.

As part of ARS, research goals at the station aim to provide service to agricultural producers, advancing products from the growth stages through marketing.

“Every five years, the national ARS programs meet, coming from states all over the nation. They come to a common place and provide their input on what ARS, at the national level, should do,” he noted.

Taylor emphasized that stakeholders have a responsibility to voice their input about beneficial programs that are, or can be, put into place at the station.

“Our focus is to make sure that our research is directly connected to producers and that it feeds what they need. We have to feed producer knowledge so that they can advance for our country to have perpetual food security,” Taylor explained.

Near closure

Recently, the U.S. Sheep Experiment Station was slated for closure. The American Sheep Industry Association and producers took prompt action to reverse the decision.

“I don’t know how far into the future we are protected, but agreement wording does keep us in business, and the area director asked me to submit a budget plan for fiscal year 2016,” he reported.

Idaho state legislators also granted state dollars to the University of Idaho for cooperative research with the U.S. Sheep Experiment Station, which indicates positive momentum for the future of the station.

“Politically, that was a big deal because it sent the message back up the chain to our administrator and to Congress showing that money is being contributed to advanced, cooperative research with our unit,” he said.

Research has been conducted at the station since 1913, providing data records on production, wool and more in various breeds such as Rambouillet, Columbia, Targhee and Polypay.

Future study

Coming up this fall, Taylor noted, “We are looking at the genetic merit that is out there available for producers to purchase and what that can do in terms of improving wool, reproductive efficiency and lifetime productivity in commercial wool flocks.”

Researchers hope to gain insight into the true genetic potential that the sheep industry of the United States has to offer.

In other research, Polypay sheep are being studied by Steven White, an animal disease research scientist based in Pullman, Wash.

“He conducted his first matings last year and appears to be creating a Polypay ewe that is resistant to Ovine Progressive Pneumonia Virus (OPPV),” Taylor remarked.

Staying focused on productive traits as well, the project is aimed toward producing sheep that are both profitable and disease resistant.

“In addition to genetics, we do sheep management research,” Taylor continued.

For example, data is being collected on the health of neonatal lambs in the first eight days of their lives.

“There is overwhelming evidence in publication that if a lamb falters in the first eight days, we can see weaning weights anywhere from two to 10 pounds less for that particular lamb,” he stated.

Health

Using chlorate salts, scientists are trying to reduce the incidents of enteric diseases such as E. coli and scours in shed lambing environments without a significant increase in labor or costs.

“Hopefully, we are gathering data that will prove fruitful for us when we present our research to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA),” he noted.

In another project, data shows that a toxic alkaloid found in plants in the Southwest may be beneficial in small doses.

“Under major doses, the plant is toxic, but we have seen under very small doses that it has the ability to alter the immune system in a positive way,” Taylor remarked.

Further development may allow producers to extend the effect of passive transfer immunity from a mother to her lamb, through colostrum.

“When we have those antibodies passed from the mother to her young, can we actually push that immunity out four to five weeks more?” he asked.

Further investigation into the subject will be pursued next year.

Nutrition

“As we get over to western Idaho and Oregon, those producers have a real issue with selenium deficiency,” Taylor then remarked.

Naturally selenium-rich feeds may be a solution for producers who face FDA regulations and other obstacles with selenium yeasts, salts or injections, and Taylor’s team has defined and developed a product.

“We are trying to get a marketable product out,” he explained, facing challenges involving costs and market values.

Taylor has been a scientist with the ARS for the last 14 years and has been active in many of the projects at the U.S. Sheep Experiment Station. More recently, he has had the opportunity to go out into the community and visit with sheep producers in Idaho, Montana, Oregon and Wyoming.

Taylor stated, “If anyone has any questions about the sheep station, I will certainly answer any questions that they might have.”

Additional projects

Work at the U.S. Sheep Experiment Station has also involved a wide range of topics, including the hair genetics of Romanov sheep, muscle genetics of Texel sheep, the potential advantages of composite breeds and more.

“Rangeland management is our other program,” Bret Taylor, U.S. Sheep Experiment Station director, added.

Research involving toxic lupine growth after fires, the effects of complete fire suppression on big sage and fire burn models are encompassed in the station’s rangeland work.

“We have a long survey record of sage grouse populations at the U.S. Sheep Experiment Station. Plus, we have the complete vegetation, fire and climate record going back to 1915,” he stated.

Further data is being compiled that integrates grazing factors as well.

 

Bret Taylor can be contacted at the U.S. Sheep Experiment Station at 208-374-5306.

Natasha Wheeler is editor of the Wyoming Livestock Roundup and can be contacted at natasha@wylr.net.

During the summer months, sheep wagons have begun to emerge more in the public eye, allowing the general population a greater chance to learn about the many facets of the sheep industry.
    With the Wyoming Wool Grower’s restored Candlish sheep wagon, as well as the introduction of a sheep wagon contest and Dutch oven cook-off at the Wyoming State Fair, the public is more aware of the impact that sheep have on Wyoming.
Sheep wagon contest
    For the first time, the Wyoming State Fair featured a sheep wagon contest.
    With five classes for sheep wagon owners to enter their equipment in, Steve Shadwick, contest superintendent said, “I’ve got four or five sheep wagons, and I have neighbors that are fixing up their old wagons. We hoped it would cause some excitement.”
    Entries ranged from old, unrestored wagons and currently used wagons to brand new factory built wagons, and the event drew a large crowd.
    Each wagon has a story to tell, said one man who entered his wagon.
    “I was going through my wagon and found a paper that said, ‘Russell Sorenson, Feb. 13, 1953,’ so I’ve been on a mission trying to find out who Russ was,” said Rick Davis. “I always wonder what history is in this old wagon.”
    Davis continued that someone recently informed his that Sorenson ran teams of horses in Thermopolis, but he still has questions as to how the wagon made the journey from there to Casper, where he purchased it. Davis received third place with his wagon in the “restored to original condition” class.
    With 19 entries and 16 awards given and a Dutch oven cook-off during contest judging, the sheep wagon contest attracted fairgoers from across the grounds.
Wool Growers wagon
    The Wyoming Wool Growers Association (WWGA) also began working to restore a sheep wagon during the past several years. The project came to fruition this year, just in time for parade season.
    “The wagon’s ‘ground-up’ restoration was completed in early May, thanks to the craftsmanship and amazing abilities of Bill Novotny of Buffalo,” comments Bryce Reese, WWGA executive vice president. “Dr. Novotny painstakingly dismantled the entire wagon, stripped off 120-plus years of paint, repaired any areas that time had caught up with, and then exactingly put the wagon back together again.”
    Reese added that as much of the original wood and iron was used as possible. The wagon is also painted to reflect, “the right sheep wagon colors,” referred to in the industry as green and orange paint with black trim.
Long history
    The WWGA wagon boasts a long history, beginning in Wyoming.
    The wagon, donated by the Vern Vivion family, will serve as a “living,” traveling exhibition to both celebrate and promote the Wyoming Sheep industry.
    Though it’s exact creation date is unknown, the wagon was likely built around 1884 by the recognized inventor of the sheep wagon – James Candlish.
    “Candlish worked as a blacksmith for the Union Pacific railroad until he arrived in Rawlins in 1881, where he established his own blacksmith shop,” explains Reece. “While some dispute Candlish’s title as the inventor of the sheep wagon, in 1909 the WWGA credited Candlish with the honor by commissioning a commemorative fob made of three small discs linked by a chain. The top disc noted the ‘Fifth Annual Convention Wyoming Wool Growers Association January 11-12, 1909.’  The middle fob bore a likeness of, ‘The Inventor James Candlish,’ and the bottom disc featured a sheep wagon and proclaimed, ‘The Modern Sheep Palace was Made in Rawlins, Wyoming 1884.’”
Traveling Wyoming
    The WWGA wagon has served its purpose this summer, traveling across the state and entering in a number of parades.
    “The wagon was delivered just in time to make its public debut in the Casper Fair Parade,” says Reece. “Pulled by a team of registered spotted draft horses, the wagon drew a tremendous response and appreciation from both sheep industry folk and the general public.”
    Reece also noted the wagon appeared in all four Cheyenne Frontier Days parades, winning the Outstanding Entry award in the first parade. The sheep wagon was also the first sheep wagon that has ever been allowed entry into a Cheyenne Frontier Days parade.
    In its final public appearance of the season, the wagon was given the honor of Best in Show at the 100th Wyoming State Fair Sheep Wagon Contest.
    “Being named ‘Best in Show’ is a reflection on, and credit to, the Vivion family for their incredible donation to the Association and particularly to Dr. Novotny, who did the restoration.  The acknowledgment is of his prowess and exacting attention to detail, which resulted in a true restoration back to what the wagon likely looked like when it was built,” says Reece.
    For more information on the WWGA sheep wagon, contact Bryce Reece at 307-265-5250. Saige Albert is managing editor of the Wyoming Livestock Roundup and can be reached at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

Sheep wagon contest awards
    The first ever sheep wagon contest at the Wyoming State Fair saw great success, with 19 entries and 16 awards handed out. Wagons were entered in five classes and came from around the state. The winners of each class are listed below.

Unrestored, original
    1 – Linda Rhamy
    2 – The Pexton Family
    3 – Bob Vollman
Unrestored, working
    1 – Norman Jean Grant
    2 – Double H Ranch, Inc.
Restored to original condition
    1 – Harold Haffele
    2 – Dick Garrison
    3 – Rick Davis
Restored with modifications
    1 – Prosper Etchmendy
    2 – Andy Moore Ranch
    3 – Rena Valentine
New
    1 – George Etchmendy Family
    2 – WT Moore Ranch
    3 – Ron Hageman
Best of Show
    Wyoming Wool Growers Association “Candlish/Vivion” Sheep Wagon